Archive for August 2012

A Simple and Complete SMBIOS guide for your iAtkos


The smbios.plist is a text file you can use to trick the system profiler about your hardware. 

The effect is the same you will obtain using a SMBIOS injector( AppleSMBIOSEFI, AppleSMBIOSResolver) or a patched AppleSMBIOS. In order to use a smbios.plist you need Chameleon 2.0RCx. The file must be placed in /Extra. 



By the way, SMBIOS stands for: System Management BIOS (SMBIOS) Specification. The SMBIOS Specification addresses how motherboard and system vendors present management information about their products in a standard format by extending the BIOS interface on x86 architecture systems. 
The information is intended to allow generic instrumentation to deliver this information to management applications that use DMI, CIM or direct access, eliminating the need for error prone operations like probing system hardware for presence detection. Also, The SMBIOS.plist affects what info will be reported to the system to be used for identification purposes mostly for System Profiler. 
Basically you put some info to mimic a specific Mac model close to your system (a MacBook if you have a laptop or a iMac or MacPro in a desktop).  




Here is an example:



<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>


<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">

<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
<key>SMbiosversion</key>

dmanufacter</key>
<string>Apple Inc.</string>

<string>IM91.88Z.008D.B00.0901142258</string>
<key>SMboa
r
<key>SMboardproduct</key>
<string>Mac-F2218EC8</string>
<key>SMexternalclock</key>

malclock</key>
<stri

<string>400</string>
<key>SMmanufacter</key>
<string>Apple Inc.</string>
<key>SMmax
ing>3200</string>
<key>SMmemmanufacter_1</key>
<string>Kingston</string>
<key>SMmemmanufacter_2</key>

_4</key>
<string>Kingston

<string>Kingston</string>
<key>SMmemmanufacter_3</key>
<string>Kingston</string>
<key>SMmemmanufacte
r</string>
<key>SMmempart_1</key>
<string>99U5316-028.A00LF</string>
<key>SMmempart_2</key>
<string>KTC1G-UDIMM</string>

serial_1</key>
<string

<key>SMmempart_3</key>
<string>99U5316-028.A00LF</string>
<key>SMmempart_4</key>
<string>KTC1G-UDIMM</string>
<key>SMme
m>0x651C52C8h</string>
<key>SMmemserial_2</key>
<string>0xD51C1E0Ah</string>
<key>SMmemserial_3</key>
<string>0x651C52C8h</string>

>19</string>
<key>SMprod

<key>SMmemserial_4</key>
<string>0xD51C1E0Ah</string>
<key>SMmemspeed</key>
<string>800</string>
<key>SMmemtype</key>
<strin
guctname</key>
<string>iMac9,1</string>
<key>SMserial</key>
<string>W87234JHYA4</string>
<key>SMsystemversion</key>
<string>1.0</string>
</dict>


</plist>



Here is another one : 




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>


<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">

<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
<key>SMbiosvendor</key>
<string>Apple Inc.</string>

</key>
<string>04/01/200

<key>SMbiosversion</key>
<string>MP21.88Z.005C.B01.0608221120</string>
<key>SMbiosdat
e8</string>
<key>SMboardmanufacturer</key>
<string>Apple Computer, Inc.</string>
<key>SMboardproduct</key>

string>Apple Inc.</string>
<k

<string>Mac-F4208DC8</string>
<key>SMfamily</key>
<string>MacBookAir</string>
<key>SMmanufacturer</key>

<ey>SMproductname</key>
<string>MacBookAir1,1</string>
<key>SMserial</key>
<string>W88033AKY51</string>
<key>SMsystemversion</key>

>
<key>SMmemspeed</k

<string>1.0</string>
<key>SMUUID</key>
<string>00000000-0000-1000-8000-000000000000</string>
<key>SMmemtype</key>
<string>24</strin
gey>
<string>1600</string>
<key>SMmemmanufacter</key>
<string>Apple Computer Inc.</string>
<key>SMmempart_1</key>

2D59352020</string>
<key>SMmemserial_1</key>
<stri

<string>0x48594D503131325336344350362D59352020</string>
<key>SMmempart_2</key>
<string>0x48594D5031313253363443503
6ng>0x00001020</string>
<key>SMmemserial_2</key>
<string>0x00003021</string>
<key>SMexternalclock</key>
<string></string>
<key>SMmaximalclock</key>


<string></string>
</dict>


</plist>



Now, You don’t have to key in all the details , if you wish. For instance if you would like Chameleon to use default memory part number for your RAM. Feel free to remove the entire string and key corresponds to it. Its that simple. Now lets take a look at what these key means and how to get the values. 




SMfamily: The Mac Model Family . For instance if you want to emulate as a MacPro , the Family would be “MacPro” (without quotes) , as for a Mac Mini it would be “MacMini” (without quotes) 




SMproductname: The model , for instance you can call yours as “MacPro0,1″ , or “MacPro1,5″ or even follow a real Mac Model. Its up to you 




SMbiosdate: Date when the firmware was released. This is optional , you could actually skip this. 




SMbiosversion: Its used when fakeSMC is not being used. But since we have fakeSMC , you can easily skip this part. Only use this if you plan to stick with dsmos or if you want SMC Version to be like a RealMac SMmanufacter: The manufacturer of the Computer. Default its Apple , but then if you want to put your own OEM branding. Feel free to edit it 




SMsystemversion: The boot rom (aka BIOS version). You can take this data from a real mac or from Apple’s site (which I would describe on how to get information on a particular Boot ROM for a particular mac) 




SMbiosvendor: As the name suggests it reflects the company who made the BIOS. By default its Apple , but if you want to use any other name or branding. Feel free to adjust it 




SMserial: Serial Number of your Hackint0sh 




SMexternalclock: Frequency of your FSB (measured in Mhz)




SMmaximalclock: Your computer clock speed (i.e Intel Pentium D 830 is a 3.00Ghz processor) . Therefore it would be 3000 (Measured in Mhz) (whereby 1Ghz = 1000Mhz) 




SMmemtype: Memory type. Use 18 for DDR / 19 for DDR2 / 20 for DDR2 FB-DIMM / 24 for DDR3 – You can get the whole list for SMmemtype by reading Chameleon’s documentation or grabbing the source code 




SMmemspeed: Memory clock speed (i.e 533Mhz , 667Mhz) . Its measured in Mhz SMmemmanufacter_1: Manufacturer of your RAM (i.e Kingston , Apple , etc) 




SMmemserial_1: Serial number of your RAM SMmempart_1: part number of your RAM 




SMUUID: Enter your UUID here if you’re having issues with UUID If you have plans on fixing your CPU being recognised as Unknown , then do check out this post on patched version of Chameleon. Generally you’ll be needing it if you want to get certain program such as Silverlight , etc to work properly Well thats about it. 




Now you may want to use TextEdit or nano or plist editor to create a new file (or modify my existing SMBIOS.plist above) and call it as SMBIOS.plist. Place it in your /Extra folder. 
If you have an EFI partition , then place it in the /Extra folder of your EFI partition. Now as for finding the right values (i.e Product name , BIOS version). 
You may get the data directly from Apple’s website . For instance if you wish to mimic a MacMini Early 2006. 
Your SMProductName would be “MacMini1,1″ and your SMBiosversion would be “MM11.0055.B08” . 
You can find out the generation of Mac by simply looking at EFI Boot ROM version in Apple’s Web site. 




Thats how its done. 
Save it . Place it in /Extra – Reboot and then check out your system profiler. You should have the correct values ! 




If you want to deepen your understanding and broaden your knowledge , read the white papers on SMBIOS. Its a complex pdf which gives you better understanding and deeper understanding if you plan to customize yours. 




Highly recommended for advanced OSX86 users . 
As for CPUID patching In your SMBIOS , add the follow lines 




<key>SMcputype</key>


<string> 1281</string>




There are currently three known values for it :- 




1281 – Quad-Core Intel Xeon 
769 – Intel Core 2 Duo 
257 – Intel Core 2 Solo  




You may ask why there is not for AMD , Intel Quad Core , Pentium D , Pentium M , Intel Atom. 
The reason is simple , Apple only includes list of CPUIDs which they officially support (aka which they officially run on mac). So if you have a quad core , you would go with Quad-Core Intel Xeon. This applies to i7. iF you have an Athlon X2 , then go with Intel Core 2 Duo. To recognize my processor correctly using SMcputype 1793 and it shows up Intel I7 in about this mac .

Credits to Techedze 


Bios Settings for a first time Hackintosh Install


For a first time Hackintosh install from the scratch you should make sure you have some BIOS settings  right. Follow the steps below,



Go to your BIOS, see your motherboard manual on how to do so
 It's mostly F2 or Delete key.



Disable the following technologies if you have it,

a. Speed Step or EIST (Enhanced Intel Speed Step),AMD (cool n quiet) .

b. Virtualization.


c. HPET (High precision event timer).

d. Dynamic Acceleration.
e. Set boot from DVD first option in BIOS.




Note : Enable the above after you install and get a working hackintosh. 




Enable the following technologies if you have it,  

a. Set the SATA operation mode to AHCI.



Note: You should have the SATA as AHCI only for OSX HDD operation, Windows vista and above support AHCI mode out of box. For Windows XP you should use a special driver if you plan to use it in multiboot with OSX.

Backup Solutions For Your Mac or iAtkos

We've seen many users ask about the best backup solution for their CustoMac. Doing regular system backups of important files and documents can help ensure that you can recover from an unforeseen disaster. 

Aside from Apple's iCloud based cloud storage, some still like to do regular backups locally; either to an external USB drive or a local hard disk. I want to highlight a few of the 3rd party backup solutions as well as Apple's own solution that many of our members have stated as working solutions.



Let's start with Apple's own built-in back-up solution, Time Machine. 



"Time Machine is the built-in backup that works with your Mac and an external drive (sold separately) or Time Capsule. Connect the drive, assign it to Time Machine, and start enjoying some peace of mind. Time Machine automatically backs up your entire Mac, including system files, applications, accounts, preferences, music, photos, movies, and documents. But what makes Time Machine different from other backup applications is that it not only keeps a spare copy of every file, it remembers how your system looked on any given day—so you can revisit your Mac as it appeared in the past."

Time Machine is pretty simple to configure and use. Instructions on how to configure Time Machine can be found here
.

Next is Carbon Copy Cloner, otherwise known as "CCC" that is very popular for it's ability to do full bootable clones of your system drive. It used to be free but sadly, the developer Bombich Software Inc. has now made it a commercial product and currently it costs $39.99. It has been updated recently to support OS X 10.8 in version 3.5.1. CCC provides additional enhancements that Time Machine doesn't.

Check out CCC here
.





"The latest version of SuperDuper! is faster, better, compatible with Mountain Lion (in fact, it's compatible with OS X 10.4.11 and later), and improves many parts of the user experience. Of course, it still includes great features likeBackup on Connect, Eject after Copy, Sparse Bundle support, lets you store a bootable backup alongside Time Machine backups, copy Time Machine backups to other drives, and run scheduled copies on demand. As with every update, we've polished and improved many other aspects as well."


Super Duper can be foundhere
.

Virtualization software gets updated for Mountain Lion


For those of you that are using virtualization software on your Mac or CustoMac we've got some good news, as VMware and VirtualBox have both been updated with official Mountain Lion support and Parallels 8 with Mountain Lion support is due early next month. Although it doesn't make a whole lot of sense to run Windows virtualized on a Mac or a CustoMac today, virtualization is still a handy tool for those who want to run software in "sandbox" mode, or who develop for various platforms.

First up, VMware has announced the release of Fusion 5 for OS X 10.8 and Windows 8 and claims that they've added over 70 new features for both the OS X and Windows versions. New features for OS X includes supports for AirPlay mirroring to stream programs and apps to large screen displays, USB 3.0 support, retina display support and improved support for large amounts of system RAM. VMware also claims to have improved performance by as much as 40 percent compared to the previous version of VMware. VMware Fusion 5 will be available for $49.99 for the standard version and $99.99 for the professional version directly from VMware.com and if you bought VMware 4 on or after the 25th of July, then you're eligible for a free upgrade to VMware 5.

Freely available VirtualBox has also added official support for OS X 10.8, although the changelog doesn't go into any specific details as to what has been done specifically to support Apple's new operating system. Beyond support for OS X 10.8, the latest release of VirtualBox also includes a range of bug fixes and additions of which most are for Linux.

For those of you that prefer Parallels, the company is preparing a new version that will arrive on the 4th of September, although so far all that is really know is that the company will offer OS X 10.8 support and that if you go ahead and buy Parallels Desktop 7 now, then you'll get a free upgrade to the next version when it arrives.

Source: 
VMWare
, 
VirtualBox
, 
Parallels